Official Title
A Randomized Phase 2/3 Trial of Hydroxychloroquine In Covid-19 Kinetics
Brief Summary

To test if the medication Hydroxychloroquine will decrease the amount of virus(as measured by PCR) , 7 days after initiation of therapy compared to control patients receiving placebo. The study design is a randomized (5 days of medication v. 5 days of placebo) clinical trial initiated immediately after diagnosis in ambulatory health care workers at University of South Alabama Health, or in ambulatory USA patients. At 7 days after enrollment another nasopharyngeal swab will be taken to measure if the virus is still present. At 10 weeks we will measure immunity from Covid-19 using a single blood sample. It is a phase 2/3 clinical trial.

Detailed Description

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), which is a less toxic derivative of chloroquine (CQ), has been
shown to be effective in inhibiting Covid-19 infection in vitro. The evidence from clinical
research trials is sparse and has many flaws. Much of the Chinese experience with Chloroquine
comes from a letter to the editor and a news briefing/conference held on February 15, 2020.
The letter describes experience with more than 100 patients treated with CQ in multicenter
clinical trials but the letter provides no quantitative data to back their claims. At least
one non-randomized clinical trial has been performed in Europe. Covid-19 infected patients
received 10 days of HCQ daily and underwent daily testing of viral loads from nasopharyngeal
swabs. The subjects receiving HCQ were much more likely (P<0.02) to clear their viral load
than subjects who did not receive HCQ. The study had many flaws, which make the conclusions
less valuable than rigorously designed randomized clinical trial. This study is designed as a
randomized, blinded trial to either confirm or refute the efficacy of HCQ in early treatment
of Covid19 infection to ameliorate disease severity, and reduce viral load.

Corona Virus Infection

Drug: Hydroxychloroquine

Hydroxychloroquine 800 mg initial dose then 6-8 hours later HCQ 600 mg, then 200 mg three times per day for 4 days.
Other Name: plaquenil

Other: Placebo

Placebo take 4 tabs, then 6-8 hours later take 3 tabs, then take 1 tab three times per day for 4 days.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Symptoms occurring within 3 days prior to patient presenting to USA Facility for PCR
nasopharyngeal swab

- Nasopharyngeal swab positive for Covid-19 infection and/or exposure and/or symptoms
congruent with fever and cough

- Male or Female age 19 to 89 years

- Able to take oral medications

- Patients not requiring hospitalization

- Provision of informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Known history of EKG QTc prolongation abnormality

- Contraindication or allergy to hydroxychloroquine

- Retinal eye disease

- Known glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency

- Known chronic kidney disease, stage 4 or 5 or receiving dialysis

- Weight < 40 kg

- Current use of: hydroxychloroquine or cardiac medicines of: flecainide, Tambocor;
amiodarone, Cordarone, Pacerone; digoxin or Digox, Digitek, Lanoxin; procainamide or
Procan, Procanbid, propafenone, Rythmal)

- Known hepatic disease (cirrhosis, hepatitis)

- Active treatment for cancer (chemotherapy, radiation, surgery within 3 months

- On immunosuppressive drugs steroids, antirejection medications.

- Recipient of solid organ transplant

- Pregnancy/breastfeeding

- Past medical history Porphyria (may exacerbate disease)

- PMH Psoariasis (can worsen disease)

- No access to internet or email

- Current suicidal thoughts according to Columbia scale

- In the screening process before signing consent, subjects will be asked if they are
suicidal. If this response is yes, patients will be excluded from trial and directed
to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-8255.

Eligibility Gender
Eligibility Age
Minimum: 19 Years ~ Maximum: 85 Years
United States

University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama, United States

William O Richards, MD, Principal Investigator
University of South Alabama College of Medicine

University of South Alabama
NCT Number
MeSH Terms
Coronavirus Infections