Official Title
Does a Systematic Phone-call by a Medical Student/General Practitioner Team in Patients Suffering From a Chronic Condition During the COVID-19 Containment Period Impact One-month Hospitalization's Rate in France? A Cluster Randomized Trial
Brief Summary

Following the announcement of the containment of the population due to the COVID-19 epidemic on March 17, 2020 in France, a notable decrease in the number of consultations in general practice was reported. Patients no longer contact their general practitioner, including those with regular follow-up for one or more chronic conditions. This observation raised worries since it could lead to delay or failure in detecting decompensations / complications of these chronic conditions by a lack of recourse to care. Thus, an urgent message from the National Health Department (Direction Générale de la Santé - DGS) was adressed on April 8, 2020 to the health professionals regarding the organization of care aside from COVID-19. The main recommendation was "that the personal physician or the corresponding specialist should contact the most fragile patients with chronic condition to ensure follow-up and detect any risk of decompensation ". Such fragile patients are in great numbers, up to more than 200 for an average general practitioner. Therefore, although this recommendation is regarded as "essential in view of the health needs of the population", it will prove quite difficult to follow without the help of a skilled external assistance that can be quickly mobilized. The COVIQUEST project is a cluster randomized trial in general practice designed to assess the optimizationg of the screening and management of patients with chronic condition at risk of decompensation through a collaboration between the general practitioner and a medical student. The trial will focus on patients wit cardiovascular conditions aged 70 or more and patients with mental health conditions. These conditions are both highly prevalent in general practice and both at risk of severe short-term complications. Practices will be randomly assigned to a group (A or B). In group A, students will start by contacting patients with cardiovascular conditions; in group B they will start by contacting patients patients with mentral health conditions. The students will call these patients on the phone and ask them specific questions about their health, their needs, and if they want their general practitioner to call them back. The student will then transmit this information to the general practitioner who will decide on the best care to offer the patient. The primary outcome is defined as the occurrence of hospitalization during a one-month period after the phone call. It will be collected by a second phone call from the medical student. This time, all patients will be contacted, i.e. both patients with mental illness and cardiovascular patients, whatever the group. Thus, patients allocated to the control groups (i.e. patients with mental illness from group A and cardiovascular patients from group B) will also benefit from the intervention at 1 month: again, students will ask patients about their health and whether they want their general practitioner to call them back. This approach has several advantages: 1. all patients will benefit from a phone call, in accordance with the recommendations of the DGS, 2. the involvement of students, competent in medical interviews and quickly mobilizable, will help general practitioners, on the front line of many missions, without any health risk linked to the contagiousness of COVID-19 for students, 3. randomizing the call order will allow to assess with a high level of evidence the impact of such an organization on hospitalizations, for two families of diseases with high prevalence. The trial will involve at least nine French regions. Considering that the general practitioner's patient base numbers an average of 110 patients with chronic cardiovascular disease or chronic mental illness, and that at least 25 general practitioners per region participate in the study, we can expect that 22,000 patients will benefit from the intervention of this study.

Not yet recruiting
Cardiovascular Diseases
Mental Disorder

Behavioral: Phone-call screening and management by a medical student/general practitioner tandem
Systematic phone contact of the patient by a medical student, under the indirect supervision of the general practitioner. This phone contact will be standardized with 3 questions to ask to the patient:
How are you doing? (with a Likert scale from 1=very bad to 10=very well)
Would you have made an appointment with your general practitioner if there had not been COVID19 epidemic and containment?
Would you like an appointment with your doctor and / or has your doctor ever contacted you? In view of the answers to these 3 questions, the general practitioner will decide whether it is necessary to propose a consultation or a teleconsultation to the patient, taking into account his/her medical background.
Management by a student/general practitioner tandem

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion criteria (patient with a chronic cardiovascular) :

- Male or female

- >= 70 years of age

- Participants covered by or entitled to social security

- With a chronic cardiovascular or mental disease as referenced in the long term illness (ALD) list (i.e. with an ALD n°1, 3, 5, 12, 13 for cardiovascular disease)

- Followed regularly by their general practitioner (i.e. entered in the list of patients followed by a general practitioner by French Health Insurance

- Participants who has given oral, express and informed consent.

Inclusion criteria (patient with a mental disease) :

- Male or female

- >= 18 years of age

- Participants covered by or entitled to social security

- With a chronic cardiovascular or mental disease as referenced in the long term illness (ALD) list (i.e. with an ALD 23 for mental disease)

- Followed regularly by their general practitioner (i.e. entered in the list of patients followed by a general practitioner by French Health Insurance

- Participants who has given oral, express and informed consent

Exclusion criteria :

- Patients with both a cardiovascular ALD and a mental health ALD (they will benefit from the intervention, without participating in the trial)

- Patients already and directly managed by their general practitioner during containment and whose general practitioner refuses that the patient be contacted by someone other than himself

- Patients unable to provide informed consent.

Eligibility Gender
All
Eligibility Age
Minimum: 18 Years~Maximum: 110 Years
Countries
France
Contacts

CLARISSE DIBAO-DINA, MD-PhD
2 47 57 74 22 +33
clarisse.dibao-dina@univ-tours.fr

University Hospital, Tours
NCT Number
Keywords
general practice
Covid-19
chronic diseases
medical student
MeSH Terms
Mental Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases